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misunderstood bat is one of the most fascinating flying creatures.
Bats have managed to occupy niches not filled by birds, and as a
result, a fourth of all mammal species are bats.
bats in the order Chiroptera, meaning "hand wing". The
fingers support the wing membrane, hence the name. Bats have five
fingers and five toes, just as humans do. Only the thumb sticks
out at the front of the wing. Bats are divided into two groups,
or sub-orders, called microchiroptera and megachiroptera. Microchiroptera
are the bats most people are familiar with. They are small, and
most of them feed on nocturnal flying insects. Megachiroptera are
large bats that only live in the tropics. The two groups may have
evolved flight independently. If this is confirmed, we'll have to
give them each a separate page.
get around very well on the ground, but their other remarkable features
compensate for this. Echolocation capabilities better than any other
land animal allow the microchiroptera to tap the abundant food source
of nocturnal insects. Megachiroptera, which eat fruit, have a keen
sense of smell and good night vision. The smallest bat weighs only
a gram, but the largest has almost a two-meter wingspan. Since bats
evolved from gliding mammals, their hind limb is incorporated into
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